Lien Write-Off - Understand How the Procedure Works






In this article you will find information on how to download Gravame online.

As we well know, the Encumbrance is a document that informs the registration of a vehicle to another institution through a contract that is most often done through financing.

In other words, it is the famous Fiduciary Alienation in a booklet of monthly installments. Engrave is used in vehicle negotiations and is available for both new and used vehicles.

Therefore, until the financed vehicle is paid off, the owner who financed it has his or her asset sold, but as soon as the payment is made, the institution removes the Lien.

The number of vehicles financed in Brazil grows every year, so much so that it currently exceeds 7 million. That’s why you need to know how to write off vehicle financing.

The most used plan is the CDC – Direct Consumer Credit that accounts for more than 80% of negotiations. And the most frequently financed vehicle model is motor vehicles (Cars), with 82% of purchases.

Just from these brief numbers we can see the importance of knowing how the Lien of the paid-off vehicle is written off.

Therefore, we at the Consultar Carros website recommend reading this text which will show you in detail how to write off the vehicle’s ENCLOSURE.

What it is and how to write off the lien on a paid-off vehicle

When someone takes out vehicle financing, the financial institution that released the credit applies the Lien restriction. That’s why you need to knowhow to write off vehicle financing.

This way, when the vehicle is consulted, the information shows that it is owned by an individual or legal entity but not entirely, and that it has a debt with the Bank that authorized the credit.

Therefore, when the vehicle is paid off, it is necessary to write off the Lien and thus completely transfer the vehicle to the owner’s name definitively.

In other words, the bank that released the vehicle financing has a period of 10 days to write it off in the system, this is done from the moment the credit is paid off.

The Lien is written off by the SNG – National Lien System, and the person authorized to carry it out is the bank where the vehicle was financed.

However, the person who carries out the Lien write-off operation is CETIP – Securities Custody and Financial Settlement Center, a company that works with this procedure.

It is worth remembering that there is a small difference between a canceled record and a downloaded record. Although in theory the two pieces of information are the same.

But in the case of a canceled Lien, information appears that shows that the contract was broken or even a failure to include the Lien in the vehicle financing.

To find out whether the Encumbrance has already been made on a financed vehicle, simply access the official website of the Bank where the financing was made and request the information.

It is best to wait at least 10 working days after payment. The lien is written off automatically by the financial institution’s system to dispose of the asset and thus know how to write off the vehicle’s lien.

Important Information About Vehicle Lien Write-Off

There is some fundamental information about the Lien that owners of financed vehicles should know in detail, check it out:

1Can I Negotiate a Financed Vehicle That Is For Sale?

The owner of a vehicle financed by a financial institution cannot ” sell the vehicle until payment is made.

This is because the transfer of the vehicle to the buyer’s name is not permitted due to the sale with the Bank.

2 – How do you know if your vehicle doesn’t have lien restrictions?

When you buy a vehicle, make a detailed inquiry about its condition. It will show the Lien or DETRAN restrictions – State Department of Transit instantly.

This way, there will be no risk of buying a vehicle with documentation problems.

3 – What is the Difference Between Lien Restriction and DETRAN Restriction?

Do not confuse the Lien restriction with the restriction with DETRAN. In other words, it is possible for a vehicle to have its Lien fully resolved, but still have restrictions with DETRAN.

It is worth remembering that the restriction with DETRAN is only resolved when a new vehicle document is issued in the owner’s name.

4- What to do after the registration of the lien write-off?

After the Lien has been downloaded correctly, the vehicle owner must go to the DETRAN in their city and request the issuance of a new vehicle document, the CRV – Vehicle Registration Certificate.

5 – How Do Vehicle Transfer Fees Work?

There is a difference in fees when documenting a vehicle, it varies according to the DETRAN in your region.

In addition, the inspection fee must also be paid after issuing a new document with the CRV – Certificate of Registration of a Vehicle.

How to Know If a Vehicle Has Administrative Restrictions?

The administrative restriction of a vehicle is registered in article 123 CTB – Traffic Code in Brazil.

Its purpose is to work on the transfer of ownership of a vehicle and help with supervision in negotiations.

Therefore, the owner must transfer the vehicle into his name within 30 days.

It is very easy to check the status of a vehicle, just access the official DETRAN website where it is registered and request a consultation.

Within a few moments you will be shown what condition the vehicle is currently in.

With Gravame, it is possible to know if the vehicle has had an accident, change in mileage, documentation debts, history of fines, insurance, if it has been auctioned, or if the vehicle is stolen.

In addition, if you want to consult your conditions in more detail, request a private service on websites that work with vehicle consultations.

But if you want to know if your vehicle has a Lien, just access the documentation after it is paid off, the famous CRLV – Vehicle Licensing Registration Certificate.

Even though you don’t have all the information in this type of query, it is possible to find out some important details about the condition of a vehicle.

In other words, when a consultation through Gravame is requested, the consultant can make a report of all the problems that the vehicle presents.

In this way, he is aware during negotiations whether or not it is worth continuing the deal. This procedure is generally done on used or used vehicles.


In conclusion, we can see in detail how important checking the Lien is when negotiating a vehicle.

With the advancement of the internet, just a simple access and you can avoid several risks and problems with the vehicle.

Being able to close a good deal with security and facilities at a price that really suits the vehicle being negotiated.

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